The Antarctic Infrastructure and Modernization for Science (AIMS) project is an initiative of the National Science Foundation's (NSF) United States Antarctic Program (USAP), and is a major capital investment effort to support the United States' world-class science program in Antarctica. The infrastructure modernization being proposed under the AIMS project is to ensure that McMurdo Station remains a viable platform for supporting Antarctic science for the next 35 to 50 years.
Reviews and the Current State of the Antarctic
High-level reviews of USAP's ongoing Antarctic presence are conducted every 10 to 15 years. The aim of the most recent review was to ensure that the Nation continues to pursue the best trajectory for conducting science and diplomacy in Antarctica over the next twenty years— one that is environmentally sound, safe, innovative, affordable, sustainable, and adheres to the Antarctic Treaty. This review, initiated in 2010, was conducted in two parts.
A National Research Council (NRC) committee completed the first part of the review by examining likely science drivers for the coming decades in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean. In a series of reports, it envisioned that future science activity in the Antarctic region would entail new scientific directions, broader geographic spread, and increased international involvement in order to support the quantity and duration of observations envisioned to facilitate U.S. scientific leadership in science achieved in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean.
The 2011 NRC report and other studies influenced the second part of the review, wherein a Blue Ribbon Panel (BRP) was commissioned by the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) and NSF to conduct an independent assessment of the USAP logistics support system. The BRP was asked to identify and characterize a range of options for supporting and implementing required national scientific endeavors, international collaborations, and strong U.S. presence in Antarctica.
The BRP's report, released in summer 2012, concluded that ushering in a new age of Antarctic science simply by expanding traditional methods of logistical support would be prohibitively costly. Consequently, the panel recommended numerous ways to more efficiently and cost-effectively support research while maintaining high standards of safety, and increasing the flexibility to support evolving areas of science in the future.
Among other things, the BRP stated "U.S. activities in Antarctica are very well managed but suffer from an aging infrastructure, lack of a capital budget, and the effects of operating in an extremely unforgiving environment."" With regard to the logistics and infrastructure in Antarctica, the BRP stated, "Whatever the source of funds, the USAP logistics system is badly in need of remediation and will cost more to restore as each year of inattention passes. In the longer term, increased logistical efficiency could yield savings that would substantially increase the amount of research supported by NSF."
In response, NSF developed a response in the form of a long-term capital investment plan and plans for implementing the detailed actions called for in the BRP report. At this time, NSF has succeeded in completing a significant number of the implementing actions, including replacement of outdated enterprise systems and supply equipment.
Development of the AIMS Project
Many of the BRP report's recommendations required longer-term investment, planning and construction efforts. As a result, NSF took steps to establish a major, multi-year initiative in pursuit of these outcomes. The infrastructure modernization being proposed under the AIMS project is to ensure that McMurdo Station remains a viable platform for supporting Antarctic science for the next 35 to 50 years. The guiding principles for the overall project are that the improvements should:
- Reduce operational costs and support personnel requirements
- Improve operational efficiency;
- Reduce energy consumption for facilities and operational support;
- Provide a safe and healthy working environment for USAP personnel;
- Provide the flexibility to adapt to the changing needs of U.S. science in Antarctica over a 35-50 year planning horizon; and,
- Reflect the “active and influential presence” in Antarctica in a manner consistent with U.S. stature in the international research community.
The development and design for the Antarctic Infrastructure Modernization for Science (AIMS) project is expected to take place in the years ahead. The project includes the following major elements:
- Redevelopment of the core facilities for McMurdo Station into a smaller, more energy- and operationally-efficient facility optimized for support of local and deep field science;
- Replacement of the major McMurdo Station service and logistics facilities, including administration, dining, warehousing, trades shops and field science support;
- Establishment of a continuity of operations wing with modernized fire, medical and personnel support capabilities; and,
- Environmental and safety upgrades to all facilities for modern fuel containment, utilities distribution, and fire protection.
The AIMS project can generally be divided into five major phases:
- Conceptual Design Phase (CDR) — To formulate major science and support requirements, identify high risk items, develop construction budget – Complete
- Preliminary Design Phase (PDR) — To identify site-specific preliminary design and environmental impacts, develop enabling technologies, complete construction estimate – Preliminary Design Review is Complete
- Final Design Phase — To deliver final construction-ready design and PEP, industrialize key technologies, complete construction-ready budget
- Construction — Construction per baseline and PEP
- Ongoing capital investment and support
As AIMS moves through these phases, our goal is to engage stakeholders, provide transparency, and serve our community of scientist-grantees by ensuring our infrastructure improvements provide maximum support for, and minimal impediment to, the ongoing research taking place in McMurdo.
As part of Future USAP, this website will serve as a source of information, updates, and dialog on this project. If you have any questions, please don't hesitate to contact us.